Re-Commendation: Tales from the Perilous Realm

Some of Tolkien’s Fair(l)y (good) Tales.

Now, since I mentioned it in passing in yesterday’s recommendation, here’s my full recommendation of Tales from the Perilous Realm again.

Tales from the Perilous Realm is a pretty good look at Tolkien’s non-Middle-earth stories. Though, for obvious reasons, retains certain thematic connections to the Middle-earth stories.

Sidebar: Tolkien’s conception of the stories that ultimately became the published Lord of the Rings started off a lot more like a traditional Fairy Tale, with a real-world AngloSaxon ending up accidentally following the Straight Road to Valinor, hanging out in a magic house with Elves and learning the history of the mythic past of Middle-earth which eventually became our world.

Honestly, I’m kind of impressed by Tolkien’s imagination here and even a little disappointed we didn’t end up with this version. It’s impressive to me that one of the early seminal works of the High Fantasy genre started with such a meta, high-concept, um, concept.

It may surprise you to learn that a man of high-brow learning and serious, proper academia like Tolkien possessed a deep fascination with and interest in Fairy Tales — the perilous realm in the title referring to the Fairy world. In fact, being a professor at Oxford, he actually gave a lecture about Fairy Tales (though the lecture in question was actually given at St. Andrews), which is included at the back of Tales from the Perilous Realm.

Tales from the Perilous Realm is fascinating both for reflecting Tolkien’s ideas of both what Fairy Tales are and what they are for, and the essay, “On Fairy-Stories” is itself a fascinating look at a brilliant scholar carrying out a high-level scholarly investigation.

Now, it’s an academic lecture, so it’s not exactly a fun or easy ready, but it’s 1) not nearly as dry as a lot of the academic things I’ve read, and 2) is a great opportunity to learn something, or at least think about something.

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Most of the works in Tales from the Perilous Realm are significantly more light-hearted than, say, Lord of the Rings or even The Hobbit. Roverandom, for example, was written as a story for his kid to console him after he lost his toy dog on the beach.

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Farmer Giles of Ham is more or less a parody of traditional Fairy Tales, wherein the eponymous farmer basically ends up the hero of the kingdom, despite his protestations, largely by accident and superior firepower.

The thing is, kids probably won’t be as entertained by Farmer Giles as adults, and even then a certain level of Classical Education is necessarily to fully appreciate most of the humour. Most of the character names are Latin that it is either deliberately preposterous or used for wordplay, and the narration is full of sarcastic little asides making snide historical or etymological commentaries, the origins of the word “blunderbuss”, for example.

It’s still a fun little story even if you don’t why it’s funny, for example, that the dragon is named Chrysophylax Dives (it means “Gold-Guardian the Rich”), but it’s a very rewarding story if you do have the reference for the etymological and historical humour and does a lot to establish that Tolkien himself had a huge knowledge base — but, then, of course he did. Dude taught at Oxford.

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Some of the other stories in the collection are more mature and sombre, but still essentially Fairy Tales. They aren’t necessarily kid-unfriendly, but make philosophical statements that will probably go over most kids’ heads. Smith of Wootton Major makes a statement about growing up and losing that sense of childlike wonder and magic, but also on passing it on to younger generations. Leaf by Niggle is a philosophical allegory of the pursuit of art for its own sake.

You will, no doubt, recall that Tom Bombadil’s boots are yellow.
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The final part of Tales is The Adventures of Tom Bombadil — a character you’ll remember as the weird dude in the forest who always talks in rhyme. Only two of the poems are actually about him, though, written in the same metre he talks in during Lord of the Rings.

The rest don’t really have the same narrative aspect as the two about Tom Bombadil, but they’re all presented as actual, authentic Hobbit poems from the Shire.

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So, yeah, Tales from the Perilous Realm is a neat little diversion from Tolkien’s most famous works, it’s full of silly (and a couple of not-so-silly) little stories worth reading on their own merits, and it offers some amazingly profound literary and cultural insights into stories and story-telling from one of the finest writers and keenest academic minds that has ever existed.


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