Original blog post here.
I’d like to start by pointing out that my favourite Narnia book is the horse one.
While Narnia isn’t quite as big a name in Fantasy as, say, Lord of the Rings or The Hobbit — though, of course, C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien were famously friends and confidants as members of the Inklings (no, not those Inklings) — it is still a pretty big name in the genre.
Now, although there are seven Narnia books, there’s only about three or four good ones, and you’ve probably only ever read The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, which is far and away the most popular (and admittedly, probably the best) book in the series.
Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is probably one of the two most straightforwardly Fantasy-y (with talking animals) Narnia book. Prince Caspian is also a pretty standard Fantasy story, being a Hero’s Journey, coming-of-age, Rightful King Returns story (with talking animals) Magician’s Nephew and Last Battle get into some pretty deep metaphysical and philosophical stuff (with talking animals), Voyage of the Dawn Treader and Silver Chair have some really weird stuff going down in them (with talking animals).
Which brings us to The Horse and His Boy, which is my favourite Narnia book. Largely by virtue of being the Weird One.
While it doesn’t have the same thematic or philosophical weirdness, or weird, outlandish characters and plot devices as some the rest of the series, Horse and His Boy is the weirdest Narnia because it doesn’t really fit in with the other six stories: Wardrobe is the central, important book, Prince Caspian is the sequel that furthers the history of Narnia, Dawn Trader and Silver Chair are sequels about Caspian’s reign as king; Magician’s Nephew is the prequel that explains how we got to the Narnia in Wardrobe, and Last Battle ties up the whole series in a pretty (and rather unsatisfactory, as I recall) package.
But, yeah, Horse doesn’t really fit in neatly in the series. The familiar characters only make cameo apprentices, it doesn’t contribute to the series’ overall myth arc. There’s really only four characters in the story (the Boy, the Horse, the Girl, and the Girl-Horse).
Most of the story doesn’t even take place in Narnia itself.
Most of the plot involves said Boy — I’d post a link to his article on the Wiki, but I can’t do that without spoiling certain details; perhaps proceed with caution around all these links — Horse, Girl, and Girl-Horse escaping their previous lives by riding across the desert.
Which brings us to the uncomfortable part of The Horse and His Boy.
While there are sympathetic Calormene characters, most of them are some combination of stupid, useless, or cartoonishly evil.
Now, considered in a vacuum, the specific villain characters fill their roles as Children’s Book Antagonists pretty well. They’re an entertaining combination of bombastic and ineffectual and they all end up getting what they deserve. The problem, however, is that they’re essentially villains by virtue of being Not From Around Here.
Granted, the issue isn’t that the Calormenes are somehow inevitably, inherently evil; it’s that they live in a culture and society that basically values and glorifies being a jerk. That doesn’t necessarily make it better, though, and still comes across as rather Eurocentric, xenophobic and super Orientalist. And, just fundamentally, the culture doesn’t get much depth or development and really only exists to serve as the evil counterpart that reminds us how upright and enlightened and generally decent Narnia is.
Also, their god is basically Narnia Satan.
… Yeah, it’s, uh, it’s not great.
But it’s not really any better or worse than any other Fantasy story from the same period (i.e. the 50s) with Middle East-inspired cultures. I mean, honestly, it’s not really that much worse than some of the Middle East-inspired Fantasy cultures you’d find now.
To be clear, I’m not saying that makes it alright because other writers have done worse, I’m saying that to give you a point of reference for how offensive you’re likely to find it.
Now, if that’s not going to be a deal-breaker for you, you should find The Horse and His Boy a pretty enjoyable story.
Lewis’ narration is always great and full of sarcastic, funny comments and descriptions, and the much smaller, more intimate scope of the story is a welcome change of pace not only from the larger Narnia myth arc, but also the Fantasy genre’s overall tendency to have characters facing the end of the world.
All in all, The Horse and His Boy may have some issues in terms of stereotypes and cultural sensitivity, but it’s still a well-told story that manages to stand out from the rest of the Narnia books.
And that feels like a pretty lame ending for this post to me, but, honestly, I’m not sure how much else I have to add. Look — there’s a sassy talking horse, what more do you want?
Copyright 2022 J.B. Norman.
Adapted from a post originally written 2021.
The rest of my recommendations are here.
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